Mannitol is a sugar alcohol or polyol, which is widely present in nature in leaves, fruits and other parts of plants like celery, onions, strawberries, fresh mushrooms, pumpkins and marine algae. This polyol can be obtained industrially by the hydrogenation of fructose. Mannitol has a pleasant sweet taste and unique functional properties. This isomer of sorbitol is typically produced these days by the hydrogenation of special glucose syrups. Approximately 60% as sweet as sucrose, Mannitol is considered to have 1.6 calories per gram. Mannitol sugar alcohol, due to its partial absorption in the body helps to maintain near-normal blood glucose levels.
Applications of Mannitol Sugar Alcohol:
Mannitol has lots of functional advantages because of which it can be used to manufacture a number of products. One of the major advantages of mannitol sugar alcohol is that it is non-hygroscopic and does not absorb moisture into products. This is why Mannitol can be used as dusting powder for chewing gum and helps in preventing the gum from sticking to wrappers and manufacturing equipments.
Mannitol sugar alcohol is extensively used in the pharmaceutical, medical, food and chemical industries. The physicochemical properties of Mannitol make it an ideal bulk sweetener for confectionery. In the food industry, less calories mannitolsugaralcohol is used in chewy sweets, chewing gums, cough drops and tablets.
Mannitol is widely used in confections and frostings, hard and soft candies, flavored jelly spreads and jams as an alternative to regular sugar.
This naturally occurring sugar alcohol has a number of chemical uses. It is used clinically, basically for its osmotic diuretic properties. In the management of raised intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral oedema, Mannitol is hugely used. Another major application of Mannitol is found for renal protection in vascular and cardiac surgery, in the management of rhabdomyolysis and in renal transplantation.
Mannitol is a diuretic and renal diagnostic aid and can be used to treat oliguria linked with kidney failure and other inadequate renal function manifestations. It is used to determine glomerular filtration rate. Mannitol is often used to control osmolarity and as a research tool in cell biological studies.
Mannitol is a common sugar alcohol which is also used in chocolate-flavored coating agents. Mannitol has high melting point and commonly used in ice creams and sweets. As it does not discolor at high temperatures, it proves to be ideal for using in nutritional and pharmaceuticals tablets.
Mannitol helps to prevent the development of tooth decay or dental caries. This sugar alcohol is non-cariogenic; it is resistant to the metabolism by oral bacteria because of which the oral bacteria are not able to break down starches and sugars. As a result of which acids do not get released and cavities are not formed and there is no erosion of tooth enamel. Various health groups and associations across the globe recognize the oral health benefit of mannitol.
Like other polyols, mannitol is absorbed from the small intestinal only partially as only part of the ingested substance can reach the large intestine; therefore, only fewer calories are produced as result of metabolism. As each gram of mannitol has just half the calorie value of sucrose, it is very much beneficial for controlling weight. Being only partially absorbed in the body, mannitol reduces the rise of insulin and blood glucose levels. For the diabetics it is a useful alternative sweetener and provides them with a large range of low-calorie and sugar-free options.
Mannitolsugaralcohol manufacturers offer pure mannitol for using in various products. To buy pure mannitol sugar alcohol at the best prices, it is wise to opt for the reputed manufacturers.